A crypto mining rig is a computer system which can be used to mine Bitcoins and Altcoins. Whilst the rig may be specifically built to be a miner, it is common to find home computers which are adapted to this new purpose. It is also possible to have a mining rig which only mines crypto part-time and is used as a gaming or design computer for the rest of the day.
Before you start using a rig you need to understand the fundamentals of crypto mining. Next, if your goal is to make money or be profitable, you need to ascertain yourself that the coin you will mine can give you the rewards you seek. Remember also to get a crypto wallet and open an account with an exchange, such as Coinbase or CEX to sell your newly minted coins.
The best mining rig hardware consists of ASIC chips, however, these are virtually impossible to be built at home. In fact, professional manufacturers are struggling to build them fast enough for their consumers, so that can give you an idea how complex the manufacturing process is. Instead, this guide will help you build a simpler, GPU-based mining rig.
Your rig will hold the miner and needs to be made out of solid material, ideally aluminium. Whilst wood might provide a low-cost option, the material is highly flammable, which can be a risk considering how hot the hardware can get.
The motherboard you choose needs to have a capacity of at least 4 to 8 video cards, meaning at least 4 PCI-E ports. A low-cost, but the effective motherboard is the Z270 which has a Gigabyte GA-Z270P-D3 chipset and can power up to 6 GUPs at once.
Based on the Z270 motherboard above, an ideal processor would be the Celeron G3900 and Core 2 Duo E7300 CPU. Ensure that the processor you opt for works well with the motherboard. If you are looking to mine coins based on the Cryptonight algorithm, for example, Monero, then Intel Core i3, i5, or i7 should work fine.
Ensure that you have at least 4GB of RAM in your rig. DDR3 is a great option since it has a low cost and is easily available. Always make sure that the motherboard accepts the RAM you choose.
When it comes to storage, don’t spend too much on size or speed. A decent 50GB HDD will work fine, you don’t need to waste money on an SSD.
Your rig’s ultimate performance ultimately depends on the GPU which you install. Whilst Nvidia cards have the advantage of being less prone to heating damage, AMDs use less energy.
Your rig won’t work without power, to ensure that you have an 80 Plus certified unit to get maximum efficiency. Electricity can easily become your most expensive overhead, so investing in a better supply can pay you dividends later.
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